A 2018 study titled, The Potential to Reduce Falls and Avert Costs by Clinically Managing Fall Risk, by Judy A. Stevens, PhD and Robin Lee, PhD, MPH estimated the prevalence of seven fall risk factors and the effectiveness of seven evidence-based fall interventions.
Stevens & Lee defined a “fall risk factor as an attribute or characteristic of an individual that increases the likelihood of a fall occurring”. They go on to say that many fall risk factors are potentially modifiable (e.g. poor balance, mobility problems, impaired vision, and insufficient vitamin D). Contributing factors increase the chance of falls such as the side effects of medications and the presence of home hazards.
Lets take a focus on home hazards. Most of us feel our homes are the place we feel most safe and comfortable. But does that mean our home is truly “safe”. Here are some questions to ask your self to determine where your home sits on the safety spectrum and some techniques you can use to enhance safety.
|Can you safely enter and exit your home?|
|Do you have stationary chairs with arm rests that do not rock or glide?|
|Does every room have a night light?|
|Can you read your medication bottles?|
|Can you enter and exit your shower or tub without a loss of balance?|
|Can you transfer to and from your toilet without difficulty?|
|Do you have clear pathways throughout the home?|
|Are your kitchen goods stored between the height of your knees and your shoulders?|
|Are you able to retrieve items from under your bathroom sink with ease?|
|Do you have throw rugs picked up?|
|Do you know how to use your microwave correctly?|
|Do you remember to turn off the stove or oven when finished?|
|Are cords clear from being in the walkways?|
|Do you know how to use your thermostat?|
|Have you been free from falling in the last year?|
|Do you take your medication on time consistently?|
|Is there a table next to your bed for a light and to set items on?|
|Is your carpet and flooring free from tears and ripples?|
Home Safety Strategies:
- Remove all scatter rugs, repair frayed carpet, tape or tack down loose carpet edges.
- Arrange furniture to allow adequate space for safe walking between and within all rooms.
- When using oxygen, do not smoke or use an open flame.
- Do not overload circuits – unplug appliances when not in use.
- Wear close-fitting sleeves to prevent spills and burns that could happen with loose, long sleeves.
- Clean up spills immediately.
- Use a step stool or reacher to reach high shelves – do not stand on chairs or stools.
- Place safety strips or a non-skid mat in bathtub/shower and install grab bars – do not use soap dishes or towel racks for support when sitting or standing.
- Keep closet doors and drawers closed to prevent bruises or tripping.
- Keep walking aids within reach and keep a nightlight on or flashlight within reach of your bed.
If you are interested in having an occupational therapist conduct a home safety assessment in your home please contact our office at (970) 204-4331. And keep in mind, most insurance plans cover the visit.
The Potential to Reduce Falls and Avert Costs by Clinically Managing Fall Risk Judy A. Stevens, PhD,1 Robin Lee, PhD, MPH2